11 Simple Tips Homeschool Math: Struggling Students
Homeschool math does not have to be intimidating for homeschool moms or kids. If your child struggles with math, please know that there’s so much you can do to change that narrative.
Tears, meltdowns, or any resistance to math is your clue that something is going on behind the scenes. When you see this, I encourage you to use this behavior to your advantage.
Math Resistance: Behavior Is Information
Behavior is information. Your child’s frustration is the symptom of a problem.
In this post, I want to offer you some practical principles that you can apply to your homeschool math planning and instruction.
1 – It Isn’t That Children Are Bad At Math
Children are often pushed along through the system without the solid foundation that they truly need. This makes math extremely stressful and often, unattainable.
By taking a moment to step back and assess your child’s current skill level in various areas of math, you are better armed to plan accordingly.
2 – Find The Gap
If your child is resistant to any type of school work, this is probably due to a gap in specific foundational skills.
This is especially important to understand when it comes to math. Each math skill builds upon the others.
- A solid understanding of addition facts is essential to understanding subtraction.
- Multiplication fluency is essential for understanding and mastering division.
Finding your child’s pain point is necessary in order to move forward. Kids cannot confidently move forward if they actually NEED to step backwards to master the preceding concepts.
3 – Homeschool Math Formal Assessments Lead To Starting Point
In order to make the right math goals for your child, you’ll need a way to actually FIND the math gaps, weaknesses and strengths.
Sonlight has a great assortment of assessment tools on their website to help you determine where your child really is in math. Check that out here.
Once your child has completed a math assessment, you should have a better idea of where to start with your homeschool math planning.
4 – Homeschool Math Assessments- Ask These Questions
If your child struggles with test anxiety, you can ask yourself some basic questions to give you a starting point. For example,
- When he’s working on two-digit by two-digit multiplication, is it the basic facts he’s struggling with? Or is he struggling to remember the steps involved?
- When a child struggles with the steps involved in a math process, create a reference sheet outlining the proper steps. Allow your child to use this support until the steps are automatic.
- When does he start to lose it?
- Is it when working on word problems?
- When a child struggles with word problems, this is often an indication of reading comprehension issues. Read the problem aloud to your child and hash through each piece of information together. Simply by doing this, you’ll have a better understanding of where there may be a disconnect.
5 – Focus On One Math Objective
Once you determine where your child needs to begin with homeschool math instruction, often it is best to focus on one concept at a time. This is especially true when your child resists math.
With a small amount of intentionality, your child can quickly learn the skills he needs to move on to the more difficult math concepts.
If your child is weak in multiplication facts, plan to spend the next month working ONLY on multiplication facts. Play math games. (Follow me on Pinterest for tons of ideas). Simplify homeschool math time by focusing ONLY on mastering those facts.
One step at a time.
6 – Remember To Breathe & Not Give In To Fear
Whatever you do, don’t attempt to plow through the basic concepts because you think your child should be further along.
By doing this, your child will never get what he’s missing. Fear is a LIAR.
We all know that we can’t get to the top of a mountain without taking one step at a time. Math is the same way.
You will be shocked at how little time it will take your child to make huge strides when he focuses on one thing.
7 – Short Bursts Of Stress-Free Math Throughout The Day
Too much at one time is overwhelming for kids and adults. This is especially true when working on a subject that causes stress and anxiety.
Get super focused on the math skill and plan short, powerful bursts of intentional, one-on-one instruction.
- Spend 5 minutes practicing math facts in the morning,
- 5 minutes at lunch time,
- And then sprinkle in 5 minutes of math practice before dinner (preferably on a trampoline. Here is my favorite indoor trampoline).
Homeschool Math: Stress-Free & Fun
By allowing your child these small, stress-free pockets of math throughout the day, math skills begin to move from short-term to long-term memory.
This is the goal! Long-term retention. Small chunks of intentional teaching will yield fruit.
RELATED POST: 11 Teaching Tips: Homeschooling ADHD
8 – Homeschool Math Planning – Resources For Your Math Tool Belt
If your child hits a wall because he doesn’t know multiplication facts, then you can also check out the Cross Seven Classical Memory Work Songs and Videos. I recently discovered this amazing company and I am thrilled with it.
The program is based on the classical model of education and sets foundational math facts and concepts to song, visuals, and movement. As someone who has been committed to the classical model for years, I am simply blown away by Cross Seven for kids who think and learn differently.
Definitely check out Cross Seven Classical Memory Work.
9- Multisensory Approach: Multiplication Tables Simplified
Using cartoons narratives combined with mnemonics and repetition, kids are easily engaged and equipped to memorize math facts without the tears. And Jennie, the founder of Times Tales, has offered AHFAS readers an extra discount code. Use this code to purchase Times Tales today.
10 – Get The School System Out Of Your Head
Traditional school settings are not always academically efficient. This is simply because it is a system and has to include multiple non-academic variables in order to function. Think about:
- Lining up,
- Taking roll,
- Packing up backpacks to go home, etc…
I mention this to put things in perspective. Long and drawn-out lessons are NOT necessary for true learning. Stress-free learning is the goal always. When stress is down, areas of the brain responsible for receiving and processing academic information are open for business.
When you ask yourself if you’re doing enough, deep breaths, most likely you are.
11 – Homeschool Math Planning – The Pros of Homeschooling
Homeschooling allows us to flip the educational model in order to serve the best interest of your child.
Read books. Work through puzzles. Play board games. Practice basic math skills, but do not feel as if you aren’t doing enough.
Working on basic skills will always be steps worth investing in over the longterm.
Disclosure: As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualitfying purchases. I appreciate your support.
You ARE the Teacher, Homeschool Mom
You can do this. Take hold of your child’s hand, and co-learn with your child. Let your child know that you are in this together. Yes, things are different when we homeschool, but give yourself some grace.
Create a new rhythm and new routine, and enjoy your children.
RELATED POST: 7 Tips For The New Homeschool Mom
Orton-Gillingham & Struggling Readers In Your Homeschool
Today we are discussing struggling readers, dyslexia, and the Orton-Gillingham approach to reading instruction.
We are blessed to have a guest post written by Karee Atkinson, a mom with a heart to equip children to learn well. She is also a certified Orton-Gillingham tutor and is just one of several dyslexics in her family.
Take it away, Karee!!!
Orton-Gillingham, Dyslexia & A Mom Who “Gets It”
As a mom of kiddos with dyslexia, and as an adult with dyslexia myself, I “get it.” There is so much contradictory information regarding how to teach struggling readers. It can be so overwhelming.
So let me start with my three guiding principles for struggling readers.
1. This is my child.
I believe this child was sent to me. My husband and I have the most concern, love and hope invested in this little one. I welcome and need the input of other partners in this process like tutors, teachers and friends. But at the end of the day, this is my child.
2. There is no “one” solution for every child.
Every child is different. If you find a solution that works for you, great! And celebrate when someone else finds a solution, even if it is different from yours.
3. To help any child improve in reading, focus on building self-confidence.
The Orton-Gillingham Approach For Dyslexia
The Orton-Gillingham method helps those with dyslexia beautifully. While Orton-Gillingham was created to meet the needs of students with dyslexia, this approach can help all struggling readers.
Let’s review some of the lingo around reading.
Phonological Awareness & Dyslexia
Phonological awareness refers to the ability to manipulate sounds. A deficit in phonological awareness is one of the two main deficits associated with dyslexia.
Related Post: How To Help A Struggling Reader
The book Equipped for Reading Success by Dr. Kilpatrick is Karee’s favorite resource for phonological awareness.
It gives you tests and interventions for phonological awareness.
I cannot stress enough how much struggling readers of all ages need phonological awareness activities from either a tutor, teacher or a parent!
Knowledge of the Alphabet & Sounds
The next thing OG is going to explicitly address is knowledge of the alphabet and the sounds the different letters make. If you have a struggling reader, chances are they are not firm on the letter sounds. Letter sounds need to be explicitly taught.
- For example the word “Wasp” is not pronounced /w/ /a/ /s/ /p/ because the “wa” makes a /w/ /o/ sound.
Orton-Gillingham: Spelling rules and phonics
It’s easy to see the need for this type of instruction for any beginning or struggling reader. Understanding these additional reading variables greatly assists with reading instruction.
- Knowledge of syllable division/syllable types
Syllable division and morphology are Karee’s favorite things to teach.
If you have a reader who has leveled out at a 3rd to 5th grade level, struggles with these 2 principles are probably part of the problem.
I didn’t understand how to spell many words until I received this training as an adult.
Speaking to her own dyslexia diagnosis,
I have always been a strong reader, but my spelling and grammar is still weak. Weak spelling and grammar skills are hallmark characteristics of an adult with dyslexia. Honestly, once I was trained in OG, I became a bit frustrated that I hadn’t learned this earlier.
Orton-Gillingham, Dyslexia & Morphology
Morphology is also a key component that adds meaning to the way words are spelled. It’s just a fancy term to describe how suffixes and prefixes change a word. Think metamorphosis… the changing caterpillar and butterfly.
Foundational Reading Skills: Syntax & Semantics
Syntax and semantics are the two final components of the Orton-Gillingham approach. These help us understand how to get meaning from written language.
You may be asking yourself the following question:
Don’t most reading programs have some of these elements? If so, then why is Orton-Gillingham so much more effective?
Yes! Many programs do contain similar components. However, if reading supports don’t contain ALL of these components, please don’t use them!!
A strong reading program should have all these elements. To learn how to tease out root issues of reading struggles, check out this post.
What Makes Orton-Gillingham Effective for Dyslexia?
The Orton-Gillingham approach is effective for dyslexia because of the way it presents the information.
It uses a multisensory and learner-driven approach. Additionally, OG teachers and tutors are trained to be laser-focused on the specific needs of the student.
1. Success is achievable with Orton-Gillingham
If I am doing my job as a tutor, a child should always find success in our lessons. Orton-Gillingham lessons are hand-crafted to meet the needs of that student.
They are also very, very explicit in teaching how letters, sounds, syllables and morphemes all work together.
Each lesson should circle back to previously learned material. A student should never encounter a letter combination or spelling rule they have not been taught in any of the review segments of the lesson.
2. Paced for the Specific Student
Lessons are paced to the student’s mastery. We do not move on until the new information is mastered and the student is successful.
OG lessons are diagnostic. This means that if a child is struggling with a concept or a word, we loop back to that again.
If I see a strength in the way the way a student grasps new information, we use that learning strength in all future lessons.
Ultimately, the Orton-Gillingham approach is systematic, cumulative, explicit, multisensory and diagnostic. And most important of all, it is focused on the success of the inidividual student.
Family History of Dyslexia & Parent Tools to Support Their Students
Dyslexia runs in families and my family is no exception. We have an official diagnosis of dyslexia for three of my children.
I’ve navigated dyslexia in many ways personally in my own schooling and as a parent supporting my children.
Eventually, when I realized that all of my kids would need reading tutoring, I decided to tutor them myself. The cost for three dyslexic children to receive effective reading support, I had no other choice.
Struggling Students Need Adults To Believe In Them
Most importantly, believe in your child. Their future is not limited in any way if they believe in themselves.
RELATED POST: 7 Homeschool Tips For Beginners
Remember, you are the parent and this is your child. There are days we all feel fear and are just overwhelmed.
At the end of every day though, your love for your child will help you find the path they need to be successful. Always make sure that your children spend time building upon their strengths and not just facing down their weaknesses.
Orton-Gillingham, Dyslexia: Every Child Can Learn To Read
A big thank you to Karee for lending her expertise in the Orton-Gillingham method of reading instruction. More than anything else in her post, what speaks to me most as a mom, educator and lover of kids, is this. Her heartbeat for the success of every child.
You may or may not know the mission of AHFAS.
Here it is: To equip moms to empower outside-the-box thinking kids to thrive as exactly who God has created them to be.
When a child is equipped based on who they are and how they are wired, they will thrive with confidence and purpose.
Join us in AHFAS Private community for more support. Together, one mom at a time, we can change the narrative for kids with ADHD, ASD, SPD, Dyslexia or no acronym at all. We’re in this together!
Karee received a B.A. in Political Science from Brigham Young University and a Master’s Degree in Political Science from the University of Utah. Karee worked as a lobbyist for the American Federation of Teachers and as a trainer for the Utah State Department of Health, before deciding to be a stay at home mom. Karee was a founding member of Decoding Dyslexia Utah. Karee now lives in South Carolina with her tribe of dyslexics including herself, her husband, one son and three daughters.
To contact Karee about her services: email@example.com or call her at 801-455-2402